I would extend my heartfelt thanks to the owner of the company - Maple Salon, Ms.Preeti and her team for being so supportive and co-operative during my data collection process. I am also greatly thankful to my subject teacher as well as my IB Diploma Coordinator and the Head of School for inspiring and motivating me. Lastly, I have no words to thanks enough my parents without whose moral support, I would have been unable to complete the task.
Maple Salon is a skin and hair care parlor located in Mira Road, Mumbai, India. The parlor was founded in the year 2015 by Ms.Preeti Salgaonkar along with her mother Ms. Ambika Salgaonkar who is the co-founder of the company. The main services offered by this parlor includes – hair treatments, face treatments, spa, beard treatments and skin treatments like waxing, body polish and many more. This is a small venture run by a small team of around 10 employees in a rented space at one of the prime locations in Mira Road, Mumbai. They do not have any other outlets or branches. The main challenge that the company faces is to acquire a brand value to enter into a market place and fetch more consumers. They follow a B2C (business to consumer) model where the business directly interacts with the clients who visits them. Apart from a few social media profiles and personal references, they do not have any other appropriate marketing or promotional strategy in place currently. As clearly indicated by the main founder in her interview, the main challenge encountered by the company is that there are very few consumers in the market who knows about them and on the top of that there are many other franchisees of popular beauty salon chains in the surrounding area like Enrich, Lakme, Kings and many more who has a made a mostly monopolistic capture on the target market. Thus, creating a brand awareness and making a name in the market to capture more clients the company needs to adopt and implement an effective marketing strategy. This investigation intends to explore that how the use of Guerilla marketing strategy might be useful and effective for this company.
In this investigation, both primary and secondary data will be used.
There are three different sources of primary data used in this case:
The secondary source used in this investigation is not something that directly links to this company. Two research reports on Guerilla marketing have been used to understand and analyze the odds and goods of using this strategy before implementing it. The research reports are:
Guerilla marketing is one of the most innovative and latest marketing strategies implemented by various small - and large - scale business. As the name suggests, it is a combat marketing tactic that mainly uses surprises or unconventional methods to reach the target consumers and influence their buying behavior or cognitive bias which they use to buy a particular service or product. There are various modes of Guerilla marketing like – indoor, outdoor, event or even experiential. This is usually a low - cost marketing strategy where a company does not need to burn a major share of their asset or revenue to implement it. The examples of Guerilla marketing may include using a poster in public places like railway stations, bus stops and departmental stores or malls, conducting free promotional sessions or events to make more people hear the name of the brand and be aware about it, offer free of cost experiences to some influential target consumers who would promote the salon in lieu of the free services they have enjoyed.
Interpretation of Graph - 1 to Graph - 8
In this section, the main aim is to identify the possible strength, weakness, opportunities and challenges or threats to the business organization and thus evaluate that to what extent Guerilla marketing might be actually useful for this organization.
To conclude the SWOT analysis, it can be seen that understanding that there are other areas of improvement, yet the need of the hour for the salon is to devote and invest more of their financial and creative assets on marketing and advertisement at least for short run to increase the productivity and revenue. Guerilla marketing is thus definitely a potential alternative.
The 4P’s of marketing mix are –
A closer analysis of these four aspects will allow us to delineate the usefulness of Guerilla marketing for this salon.
Place – It describes the locations where a customer can get an access to the services or products offered by a business organization. Maple Salon can use Guerilla marketing in creating brand awareness and outdoor marketing as an effective tool to create brand image and awareness. The salon can advertise their services using pamphlets, posters and even models in popular public places like the local railway station, bus-stand and check posts to make more people know about their salon. The locality that this salon belongs to has so many popular checks and traffic signals where huge crowd is formed and large hoardings can boost to foster the popularity and brand name of the salon.
Promotion – Guerilla marketing can inadvertently help the company to promote their services. This can be achieved by using both “event ambush” and experiential marketing. As a part of “event ambush”, the salon can open temporary counters and stores in various local exhibitions and fairs. In the locality, there are various carnivals and festivals and some of them are especially about women clothing and accessories. In such events, the company can set up their own counters or store where they can allow customers to directly interact with them and know more about their organization and services. At the same time, the salon can also organize exhibitions personally or be a part of various wedding exhibitions to promote more about their bridal services. As a part of experiential marketing, they can organize free trainings and workshops for aspirant make up artists or beauty professionals. These campaigns will allow the company to reach a larger target market and create brand awareness.
Price – The company follows a static pricing strategy and the current clients are more or less satisfied with their pricing models. As indicated by the founder in her interview, the company targets to have a larger focus on lowering the profit margin and increase the net sales. Creating brand awareness will increase their sales and generate more revenue keeping the cost of goods cost and operational cost same. This will allow them to add more economic value to the company and boost their assets.
Place – The company is located in a less crowdy or less popular street which is a bit away from the main roads. However, due to effective public transport within that locality, accessibility is never an issue.
Maple Salon has already established some brand name and satisfactory responses amongst their existing clients. However, the main challenge they face is in fetching new customers. Mostly, they get clients through personal references and customers are repeated as well. There is no doubt about the fact that Guerilla marketing strategy if implemented properly will invariably assist them to create a better brand value and create a brand awareness which in turn will expand the target market. This marketing will open the opportunity for market penetration and may even lead to market development by opening new outlets or branches. Financially, the company is in a sound health as indicated in the interview by the founders and thus even if they need to invest a part of their capital for implementing Guerilla marketing, that would not affect the profitability ratios in a negative way or distort the runway of the company.
Guerilla marketing comes at it’s own associated risk as well. There are chances of failure and undesirable conditions like interruption by authority and legal bindings. Thus, even if they wish to apply this marketing strategy, they need to be extremely careful about the plan and it would be better to ensure completely that there are no legal complications associated with.
Question 1 - How did you get to know about this salon?
A. Printed sources like pamphlets or newspaper advertisements.
B. Social media pages like Facebook or Instagram.
C. Personal references.
D. Recommended by someone who was already a client here.
Question 2 - How would you rate your experience at this salon out of 5 – 1 = Worst and 5 = Best?
Question 3 - Would you recommend this salon to others?
C. Yes, but only for some specific services.
D. Not sure.
Question 4 - What do you feel is the biggest challenge for this company?
A. They must hire more efficient employees.
B. They must open more outlets.
C. They should decrease the price.
D. A lot of people have not even heard about this salon.
Question 5 - Are you satisfied with this salon?
A. Partially yes.
B. Partially no.
Survey - B: Results from survey of 100 random clients in the locality
Question 1 - Have you ever heard the name of the salon – “Maple”?
A. No, I have heard their name.
B. Yes, I have heard about them but did not visit them ever.
C. Yes, I have visited them too.
Question 2 - What do you prioritize the most while choosing a salon for you?
A. Quality of service.
C. Location and accessibility
D. Trust and reliability.
Question 3 - How many years have you been residing in this locality?
A. Less than a year.
B. Less than 2 years.
C. Less than 5 years.
D. More than 5 years.
Question 1 - What inspired you towards this entrepreneurship?
Question 2 - What is the vision and mission of your company?
Question 3 - What scope of improvements do you see?
Question 4 - What are the current challenges faced by you?
Question 5 - What are the current financial figures – net profit, gross profit, net sales, net operational cost, net revenue and liabilities?
Question 6 - What is your business model?
Question 7 - What marketing strategies do you follow?
Question 8 - What is your expected turnover for the ongoing financial year?
We regress consumer perception on celebrity marketing, the result are showing in Figure 10. According to the Figure 10 we find that the consumer perception has strong significantly effected by the celebrity marketing which has maximum value which is 0.945.
It is also clear from the Figure 11 that the questions in answering strongly agree and agree have the mean values greater than 3, this prove our hypothesis that consumer perception has strongly significant effect by the celebrity marketing.
The analytic framework confirms the relationship between guerrilla marketing and consumer perception with respect of celebrity marketing. On having careful interpretation of sample. As illustrated by the table no. The Q1, Q2 Q3 which explain the significant effect between trustworthiness which is facet of celebrity marketing and preference, belief and brand, which are the facet of this effect is to the extent of 007. Which is calculated by using statistical two way t-test? This shows the positive relationship between these factors. Similarly Question Nos. 4, 5, 8,10,11,12 of our questionnaire shows the negative relationship with the consumer perception. Whereas Question Nos.6, 7 and 9 has also shows positive relationship between trustworthiness and attractiveness and consume perception This study shows the trustworthiness and attractiveness as potential strategies to enhancing consumer percept in to facilitate purchased behavior.
The aim of the research was to identify the association of the celebrity endorsement on the consumer perception. This was studied by the reviewing of literature of both celebrity endearment and the consumer perception dependent upon the questionnaire distributing among the target population, we sure the collectively positive influence on the consumer perception. Recognizing the right celebrity endorser is one of the essential discussions for a brand which is engaged to endorse. Celebrities can be beneficiaries from this view that endorsement as means of linking there brand for a product or corporate brand and take into consideration the potential positive and negative effect that may have on there on image and brand equity (Elina Halonen-Knight & Leila Hurmerinta, 2010).
Limitation of the study
This study attempt to discover the positive relation between Guerilla Marketing and the consumer perception, by using the celebrities and endorser in cellular sector of Pakistan. To generalize the result of this study is limited in using the celebrities' endorsement in a cultural back ground. Second research need to be conducted using the other technique stealth marketing